Acne is a skin condition that causes spotting on the skin. It affects the face, chest, back and neck. Acne can affect the skin mildly or it can be severe leading to the scarring of the affected area.
When the sebaceous gland produces more sebum or oil especially in teenagers, the skin becomes greasier and it causes acne. Hormonal changes of puberty are responsible for stimulating the production of more oil.
In mild cases of acne, the excess oil produced makes the pores on the skin to become blocked. The blockage then results into the formation of tiny spots known as blackheads or whiteheads and in some cases, it might result to the formation of pimples.
In severe cases of acne, bacteria become trapped in the excess oil produced by the skin and this leads to inflammation. The resulting spot formed becomes bigger and filled with spot. In extreme cases, the pus may form cysts. Other causes
Hormonal changes in women are also responsible for acne. This could be during menstrual cycles or pregnancies.
TREATMENT OF ACNE
When you have Acne, keep your skin clean by washing the affected area with mild soap or cleanser. You can use a moisturizer if you have dry skin.
There are various lotions, gels and cream available in pharmacies for the topical treatment of acne. These include benzoyl peroxide, retinoids and azelaic acid.
Tablets such as antibiotics can also be used in treating Acne. Other prescription tablets such as Isotretinoin can also be used, but only on the advice of a specialist because of the side effects.
If your acne persists after using all the usual over the counter treatments or it leads to the formation of cysts, you need to see a specialist.