Cardiac arrest can happen to anyone and at any time. Cardiac arrest happens when the signal to the heart encounters a problem and causes the heart to stop beating. Cardiac arrest is not the same as heart attack. A heart attack can however lead to cardiac arrest. Medical health professionals believe that in case of heart attack and stroke the first minutes have a huge impact on the outcome of survival.
Performing Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation or CPR, as it is more commonly known, can save the victim’s life. The American Heart Association recommends that everyone including bystanders and medical personnel alike should begin CPR with chest compressions. CPR keeps oxygenated blood flowing to the brain and other vital organs until more definitive medical treatment can restore the normal heart rhythm of a person. When the heart stops, the lack of oxygenated blood causes the brain to damage in just a few minutes. A person may die within 8-10 minutes.
During CPR training, a person is taught how to provide CPR correctly. CPR involves performing compressions, clearing the airway, and breathing for the person. Compressions help restore blood circulation. The person who is performing CPR must first put the person on his or her back on a firm surface. He must then place the heel of one hand over the center of the person’s chest, between the nipples. And placing the other hand on top of the first hand and using the upper body weight must push straight down on the chest at least 2 inches. One must push hard at a rate of about 100 compressions per minute.
After performing about 30 chest compressions, the person who is offering CPR must open the person’s airway using the head-tilt, chin-lift maneuver. Put the palm on the person’s forehead and gently tilt the head back. Then with the other hand gently tilt the chin forward to open the airway. If the person doesn’t start breathing normally, and the person is trained in CPR, he should provide mouth-to-mouth breathing. Give two rescue breaths and then resume chest compressions to resume circulation.
If the person has not begun moving after five cycles and an automated external defibrillator is available, apply it and follow the prompts. Administer one shock, then resume CPR, starting with the chest compressions. Continue for two or more minutes before administering a second shock.
During CPR classes you would be given hand-on training to perform CPR on adults and on a child. CPR certification is of great value. Get it today and save the precious life of someone.