Psoriasis is a skin condition that makes the skin to become scaly and thick. It is not contagious but it can be hereditary. It causes the skin cells to grow faster than normal. Normally, new skin cells are produced every month to replace those that have shed off or become flaky but in the case of people with psoriasis, new skin cells are formed every week. This leads to a build up of dead skin cells on the body which then becomes red flaky patches that tends to be itchy.
This skin condition can range from mild to severe cases. The areas that are commonly affected include the scalp, elbow and knees. Psoriasis often go into remission, it goes away for some time and comes back again.
What triggers Psoriases
It can be triggered off by some conditions which include:
- Bacterial and viral infections
- Skin injuries
- Certain medications such as malaria drugs
Signs and Symptoms of Psoriasis
Signs and symptoms may differ in different people, they include scaly skin, red patches with silver flakes, thickened nails and joint pains.
Psoriasis has no cure but the condition can be managed with a wide range of treatments. This include applying topical creams and ointments to the affected skin. In severe cases, it can be treated with phototherapy, which involves exposing infected skin to some kinds of ultraviolet lights. There are also tablets and injections available for treating psoriasis. If the psoriasis is infected, your doctor will prescribe antibiotics for you.