Shin splint is described as an exercise induced pain in the shin or in front of the lower leg. Medial Stress Syndrome is the most common cause of shin splints. It happens as a result of frequent and intense exercising that your body is not used to.
It is felt after or during strenuous activity such as running, skipping and basketball to mention a few.
It starts as a dull aching pain, if you continue to exercise and ignore it, the pain might worsen.
If you feel pain in your shin during exercise, do the following:
1. Stop the activity causing the shin splint and rest the leg for at least two weeks.
2. Apply ice to the shin to relieve the pain and swelling.
3. Take painkillers such as paracetamol and ibuprofen to help ease the pain and inflammation.
3. Use orthotics (rigid shoe inserts) for your shoes.
See a therapist for the treatment of the shin splint.
In the case of severe stress fracture caused by shin splint, surgery will be required.
It is important to choose the right shoes for your exercise which will give you the right amount of cushioning and support for your weight.
You can resume your usual activities after the pain is gone. Warm up properly before exercise and cool down. If possible, avoid exercising on hard surfaces.