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Lactose intolerance occurs when the body cannot digest lactose. Lactose is a type of
sugar found in milk that can only be digested when it is converted to glucose
and galactose.

The human body needs to produce enough lactase to be able to break down lactose,
therefore if you don’t produce enough lactase, the lactose will remain
undigested in your system and cause lactose intolerance.

People sometimes mistake lactose intolerance for milk allergy, they are not the
same as milk allergy is a reaction of the immune system to the proteins found
in milk.

When you have lactose intolerance, you will exhibit symptoms such as stomach
pain, flatulence, diarrhoea, and bloating after taking milk or other dairy
products.

Causes of Lactose Intolerance

Lactose intolerance can be hereditary or secondary lactose intolerance if cells
in the small intestines become damaged due to infection. Lactase deficiency
could also be a developmental lactase deficiency. This arises when babies take
time to build up lactase in their digestive system. As the baby gets older, the
condition goes away.

Treatment for Lactose Intolerance

1. Through limiting the intake of foods that contain lactose.

2. Thicker dairy foods like youghurt and curd can be eaten, since they move
through the bowel slower, it might be tolerated in the digestive system.

3. Regular milk can be replaced with Lactose-free milk.

4. Use of Lactase supplements. These come in drops and tablets and can be taken
with meals and drinks to improve lactose digestion in the system.

5. Additional calcium and Vitamin D supplements might be needed for strong and
healthy bones.

5. Secondary Lactose intolerance is treated by taking fluids through drips.


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