Family planning allows individuals and couples to anticipate and attain their desired number of children and the spacing and timing of their births. It is achieved through use of contraceptive methods and the treatment of involuntary infertility.
A woman’s ability to space and limit her pregnancies has a direct impact on her health and well-being as well as on the outcome of each pregnancy. Other name of family Planning are; birth control, Contraception; and Coitus interruptus.
Here are some questions to consider when selecting a birth control method:
• How well does the method prevent pregnancy? To tell how well a method works, look at the number of pregnancies in 100 women using that method over a period of 1 year.
• What are your feelings about getting pregnant? Would an unplanned pregnancy create hardship or distress to a woman or her partner? Or would a pregnancy be welcomed if it occurred earlier than planned?
• How much does a method of birth control cost?
• What are the health risks? Talk about these risks with your health care provider before believing what you hear from others.
• Is your partner willing to accept and use a given method of birth control?
• Do you want a method that you only need to use when you have sex? Or do you want something that is in place and always working?
• Is preventing infections spread by sexual contact important? Many methods do not protect you from sexually transmitted infections (STIs). Condoms are the best choice for preventing STIs. They work best when combined with spermicides.
• Availability: Can the method be used without a prescription, a health care provider visit, or, in the case of minors, parental consent?
Once you have decided to use family planning, you must choose a method. To make a good decision you must first learn about the different methods, and their advantages and disadvantages.
Choosing a family planning method
There are 5 main types of family planning methods:
• Barrier methods, which prevent pregnancy by keeping the sperm from reaching the egg.
• Hormonal methods, which prevent the woman’s ovary from releasing an egg, make it harder for the sperm to reach the egg, and keep the lining of the womb from supporting a pregnancy.
• IUDs, which prevent the man’s sperm from fertilizing the woman’s egg.
• Natural methods, which help a woman know when she is fertile, so that she can avoid having sex at that time.
• Permanent methods. These are operations which make it impossible for a man or a woman to have any children.